← Back to Glossary


A Microfrontend is an architectural style in web development where a front-end application is divided into smaller, independent fragments (microfrontends) that can be developed, tested, and deployed individually. This approach is inspired by microservices in backend development.

What is a Microfrontend?

Microfrontend architecture is a revolutionary approach in web development, drawing inspiration from microservices on the backend. It breaks down the front-end monolith into smaller, more manageable, and independently deployable fragments known as microfrontends. Each microfrontend represents a distinct feature or part of the larger application and can be developed, tested, and deployed in isolation.

In this architecture, each microfrontend can use different technologies, libraries, or frameworks, facilitating technological diversity. This plurality can be particularly beneficial for large teams where different sub-teams might have distinct preferences or expertise. For instance, one part of the application could be built using React.js, while another uses Vue.js, coexisting harmoniously within the same application.

Core Principles of Microfrontends

1. Technology Agnosticism

Microfrontends strive for an environment where individual teams can choose whatever technology stack works best for their feature. This means leveraging frameworks like Angular, Svelte, or Next.js as needed.

2. Independent Development and Deployment

By isolating features into microfrontends, teams can develop and deploy their parts of the application independently without affecting the rest of the system. This autonomy accelerates development cycles, facilitates continuous deployment, and reduces merge conflicts and dependencies.

3. Resilient Applications

The microfrontend approach inherently builds resilience into the application. If one fragment encounters a problem, it doesn't necessarily bring down the entire application. This ensures better fault isolation and a more stable user experience.

4. Seamless User Experience

Despite being fragmented, the user experience should remain cohesive and seamless. Strategies such as server-side composition and client-side routing are often employed to achieve this.

Benefits of Using Microfrontends

1. Enhanced Flexibility

Microfrontends afford developers unparalleled flexibility. They enable different teams to adopt various frameworks or libraries best suited for their specific needs. This approach can be especially advantageous when integrating diverse functionalities or migrating from legacy systems incrementally.

2. Scalability

As the application grows, microfrontends can be individually scaled. This modularity ensures that parts of the application needing more resources can be addressed without scaling the entire codebase, making scalability both efficient and cost-effective.

3. Faster Time to Market

Independent development and deployment capabilities mean features can be delivered faster. Teams work on their microfrontends in parallel, reducing bottlenecks and speeding up the time to market.

4. Improved Team Collaboration

With clearly defined boundaries and responsibilities for each microfrontend, team collaboration and ownership are enhanced. Each team can focus on their specific fragment, reducing overhead and increasing productivity.

Challenges and Considerations

1. Integration Complexity

While microfrontends offer many advantages, integrating these fragmented parts into a cohesive whole can be complex. Techniques like server-side rendering and edge computing might be necessary to ensure a seamless experience.

2. Performance Overheads

Splitting an application into multiple microfrontends can introduce performance overheads, particularly in terms of initial load times and inter-microfrontend communication. Strategies such as lazy loading and optimizing asset delivery through a Content Delivery Network (CDN) can help mitigate these issues.

3. Consistent User Experience

Maintaining a consistent look and feel across different microfrontends can be challenging, especially if they are built using different technologies. Adopting a design system and shared UI components can help achieve uniformity.

Tools and Frameworks for Building Microfrontends

Several tools and frameworks can assist in implementing the microfrontend architecture:

  • Module Federation (Webpack 5): Allows multiple teams to build and deploy independently while still enabling code sharing and cross-team collaboration.
  • Single-Spa: A microfrontend framework for bringing together multiple JavaScript frameworks in a single web application.
  • qiankun: A popular microfrontend framework that leverages Single-Spa for seamless integration.

Case Studies and Real-World Examples

1. Zalando

Zalando, a leading European e-commerce company, adopted microfrontends to manage its vast and diverse product catalog. This architecture allowed different teams to innovate and deploy features independently, enhancing agility and scalability.


IKEA's web application leverages microfrontends to offer a cohesive yet modular user experience. Each department within IKEA can independently manage its online presence, ensuring quick updates and localized content.

3. Spotify

Spotify uses microfrontends to deliver personalized user experiences. By breaking down its app into microfrontends, it can seamlessly integrate new features and optimize performance across different devices and platforms.


Microfrontends mark a significant evolution in web development, comparable to the impact of microservices on backend development. By enabling independent development, deployment, and scalability, this architecture offers unmatched flexibility and resilience. For organizations aiming to boost their development agility, enhance user experiences, and streamline team collaboration, microfrontends present a compelling path forward.

Consider integrating microfrontends into your next project with wisp, the leading CMS provider, to take full advantage of this modern architectural style. Our platform is designed to seamlessly support microfrontend architecture, ensuring that your content is robust, flexible, and scalable.