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Partial prerendering

Partial prerendering is a web development technique that prerenders parts of a web page so that it loads faster and provides a better user experience for dynamic content.

What is Partial Prerendering?

Partial prerendering is a technique used in web development to improve the performance and load time of web pages. It involves prerendering only certain parts of a web page in advance, rather than the entire page. This is particularly useful for dynamic and interactive web applications where content can change frequently based on user interaction.

By prerendering parts of the page, developers can ensure that the initial load time is reduced, and users can start interacting with the content more quickly. This technique is especially beneficial for Single Page Applications (SPA) and Progressive Web Applications (PWA) where performance and speed are critical.

Partial prerendering relies on server-side rendering (SSR) for the pre-rendered parts, while leaving the rest of the page to be dynamically rendered on the client-side using Client-Side Rendering (CSR). This hybrid approach allows for the best of both worlds, combining the speed of SSR with the flexibility of CSR.

How Does Partial Prerendering Work?

The process of partial prerendering usually follows these steps:

  1. Identify Critical Parts: Developers identify the critical parts of the web page that need to be prerendered. These are usually elements that are essential for the initial user experience, such as the header, footer, and main content sections.
  2. Prerender on Server: The server prerenders these critical parts and sends them as part of the initial HTML response to the client's browser. This ensures that these elements are immediately available when the user opens the web page.
  3. Hydrate on Client: Once the prerendered HTML is loaded on the client-side, JavaScript is used to 'hydrate' the interactive parts of the page. Hydration is the process of attaching event listeners and dynamic behaviors to the static HTML elements.
  4. Client-Side Fetching: For non-critical parts of the page, client-side JavaScript fetches and renders the content as needed. This allows for a more dynamic and responsive user experience.

Benefits of Partial Prerendering

Improved Performance

Partial prerendering significantly improves the initial load time of a web page by ensuring that critical elements are rendered and displayed to the user as quickly as possible. This reduces the perceived load time and improves the overall user experience.

Enhanced User Experience

By prerendering important parts of the page, users can start interacting with the content sooner. This is especially important for dynamic web applications where users expect instant feedback and smooth interactions.

Better SEO

Search engine optimization (SEO) benefits from partial prerendering because search engines can index the pre-rendered content more efficiently. This can lead to better search rankings and increased visibility for the web application.

Use Cases for Partial Prerendering

Partial prerendering is particularly useful in scenarios where web pages need to be both fast and dynamic. Some common use cases include:

  1. E-Commerce Websites: E-commerce sites often have dynamic content such as product listings and user reviews. Prerendering the critical parts of the page like product images and descriptions can improve the shopping experience.

  2. News Websites: News websites frequently update their content. By prerendering headlines and main articles, readers can access the latest news more quickly.

  3. Social Media Platforms: Social media sites can benefit from prerendering user profiles and posts, ensuring that users see relevant content immediately upon loading the page.

Integration with Modern Frameworks

Many modern web frameworks support partial prerendering, making it easier for developers to implement this technique. Popular frameworks like Next.js, Gatsby, and Nuxt offer built-in support for partial prerendering and can seamlessly integrate with existing web applications.

Challenges and Considerations

While partial prerendering offers many benefits, it also comes with its own set of challenges and considerations:


Implementing partial prerendering can be complex, especially for large-scale web applications. Developers need to carefully plan which parts of the page should be prerendered and manage the hydration process effectively.

Server Load

Prerendering on the server side can increase the load on the server, especially if many users access the web application simultaneously. It is important to optimize server performance and consider using a Content Delivery Network (CDN) to distribute the load.

Browser Compatibility

Ensuring that the prerendered content works across different browsers and devices can be challenging. Developers need to test the web application thoroughly to ensure a consistent experience for all users.


Partial prerendering is a powerful technique for improving the performance and user experience of modern web applications. By prerendering critical parts of the page on the server and dynamically rendering the rest on the client side, developers can achieve a balance between speed and flexibility. As web applications continue to evolve, partial prerendering will play an increasingly important role in delivering fast and dynamic user experiences.

Want to Implement Partial Prerendering with Wisp?

Explore how Wisp can help you implement partial prerendering in your web projects. With Wisp's powerful CMS capabilities and flexible API integrations, you can deliver fast, dynamic, and engaging web experiences to your users.